Sometimes the most innovative and therapeutic teaching methods are also the simplest ones, encouraging a personal connection to art rather than requiring impersonal technology. Just ask Hagit Shalev, an educator and dedicated Origami specialist, who founded Theragami, workshops that use the art of paper folding as an educational and recreational tool to enhance academic, cognitive, behavioral and social skills. In fact, Friedrich Froebel, the German educator and kindergarten’s founder, was the first to introduce Origami into the formal education system, recognizing that Origami activates the whole brain. Inspired by Frobel’s work and a visit to schools in Japan, where she observed children learning Origami, Hagit realized Origami’s significant effect on mainstream and special education students. In her Theragami Center as well as in her classes at the 92nd Street Y and the Museum of Natural History, Hagit continues to encounter young children and adolescents who rarely concentrated, remaining completely focused, folding pieces of paper into intricate designs. Origami, the method of carrying out a specific sequence of instructions through paper manipulation, also appears to induce feelings of pride, achievement and self worth, while enhancing multisensory abilities. Connecting mainstream and special education students with the far-reaching benefits of Origami, Hagit leads frequent instructional workshops in her Theragami Center. Unlike other craft programs that require expensive materials and some artistic ability, Theragami calls for only paper and a person’s willingness to try something new. For more information call the Theragami Center.
Taken From: Parent Guide Newsletter (September 2005)
Origami as a rehabilitation tool for special education by Hagit Shalev, MSW
Business of Parenting Folding Paper, unfolding hearts and minds
By Jan Wilson
It might be surprising for the average parent to learn that children who have trouble decoding a simple sentence, or waiting patiently for their turn at a game, can spend hours folding paper in the ancient Japanese art of origami.
Yet Israeli-born Hagit Shalev, who operates Theragami out of her Upper West Side studio, says you’d be astounded at what making flowers and frogs out of sheets of flat paper can do for a child’s temperament.
“Children who otherwise have trouble concentrating remain diligently focused, folding small pieces of paper into intricate, complex designs,” she says.
Shalev got her start in origami when her son, who is now 23 years old, picked up some paper-folding tricks from a counselor at sleep-away camp. “I have a gifted child who was diagnosed with auditory processing disorder,” Shalev explains. “After he saw this counselor making a crane, we went to the public library looking for books on origami. My son started teaching himself. Origami helped him with his language problem. Instead of struggling with academics all the time, he could participate in something that made him feel special.”
Working as a social worker with mentally and emotionally disturbed clients, Shalev also saw how origami could improve social skills. “People like this have a flat feeling and nothing interests them,” she says of her clients. Yet suddenly, they were showing one another models and talking together about their experience. “It was true in this experience that when the paper folds, the mind and the heart unfold,” Shalev says.
Judy W. Hall, a retired elementary school teacher from Connecticut who is active in Origami USA and has met Shalev, confirms that origami can be beneficial to special education students as well as average ones. “Following directions in math or any other area is such a difficulty for some kids,” Hall says. “You have to be focused in origami and the kids learn how they have to follow steps in order with a specific goal in mind. With special education kids, you frequently see children who can’t always read the directions. But with origami, they can look at a picture and follow it, or the teacher can give the instructions verbally. So it helps them learn without having to use skills that are really difficult for them.”
Over 120 children have taken workshops with Shalev at Theragami since its founding in 2003. The educational benefits of the programs include teaching children about sequencing, mathematical/spatial perception and social skills. In addition to small workshops that cater to elementary and junior high school-aged students, Shalev also runs mother-and-toddler programs that introduce origami to the very young. “I tell the children a story and at the same time they see the model folded in front of their eyes,” she says. “At every step, the model is at a point where it is parallel with the story and then the story ends with the completed model. Young children relate to the origami in this way, and sometimes their parent also gets involved and folds as the story goes along.”
Steve Friedman has two children, Judith, 10 and Michael, 9, who attended courses at the studio after seeing the origami tree at the American Museum of Natural History. “Judith was very happy to take that course. She used to come home with a couple of models each time,” he says. “Michael has a learning disability and we decided to sign him up for six months because he took an interest in the models Judith was doing. I believe it helped him even more than it helped her. He is very talented in origami and he is always walking around with origami paper. He even taught a class on origami at his school. His social skills are not that well developed, so anything that could help him attain friends and raise his self-esteem is a real bonus.”
Perhaps one of the greatest measures of success for Shalev in working with special education students is that they begin to realize there are activities at which they can truly succeed. “These children see everything in terms of failure,” Shalev says. “But then they see that an improperly folded crease is not a permanent sign of failure â€” and that failure gives way to success.”
Taken From Big Apple Parent (http://www.parentsknow.com)
AS THE PAPER FOLDS, THE MIND UNFOLDS
Origami as a rehabilitation tool for special education.
Through a process that combines mathematics, language arts, Asian culture and creative design, a square sheet of paper is transformed into almost anything imaginable. What’s more, this transformation occurs without the use of scissors, glue, staples, pencils or any materials other than a sheet of paper. The technique used is the art of paper folding, known by its Japanese name— origami (ori=folding, gami=paper). In recent years, origami has come into use by educators and occupational therapists. Teachers have discovered that origami is an activity that fits ideally into interdisciplinary and multi-cultural programs. In contrast with forms of art that require one to be naturally gifted, origami can be learned by almost anyone. While origami is a helpful teaching tool for any student, it is particularly beneficial for students with learning difficulties.
Origami and Self-Esteem
A child with learning difficulties is often beset by a vicious circle of deficits which may be divided into two categories: clinical and emotional. Each plays an integral part with the other. When clinical skills (auditory processing, fine and gross motor skills, or visual memory) are dysfunctional, then reading, writing or drawing are delayed. The child may experience emotional frustration, causing problems with self image and self confidence. Consequently, the child may not exert future efforts.
Origami, when properly exercised, can be an unusually effective teaching tool for the learning-disabled child. Through origami, this child learns that mistakes can be reversed. An improperly folded crease is not a permanent symbol of failure, since all the child needs to do is to flatten the paper and start anew. Learning and completing an origami model gives the child a sense of great accomplishment. When that child is pulled from the class to receive special service, the child may feel a sense of inferiority in relation to the rest of the class. Returning to class with something special to show classmates may bolster self-image. Often, peers may ask the child to teach them how to fold the model. This is especially important with preteens, where peer opinion means everything.
One typical characteristic of learning-disabled children is their inability to delay gratification. Very often, they become frustrated from the start to the completion of a project. The sooner these children see results, the better it is for them. With origami, the children enjoy results almost at once and the finished model is always a success.
Origami— an Educational Tool
Paper folding is at once instructive and attractive. It appeals to the creative, inventive and constructive abilities of children. Friedrich Froebel (1782–1852), the German educator and founder of kindergarten who dedicated most of his life to exploring young children’s learning processes, realized that children’s games are educational tools of great value. Origami, in that sense, has the characteristics of a game: it is an enjoyable activity; it follows certain rules; it involves emotions; it excites, entertains, and at the same time, teaches through doing. In this hands-on activity, there is a continuous interaction of the action and thought process. Children learn how each fold leads to a more advanced one, and how together they all progress to create a life-like pliable object, which can be duplicated or creatively elaborated upon.
Paper folding is a multi-sensory, hands-on activity, which is particularly beneficial to children with learning difficulties. To complete a model, the child needs to listen, observe and touch the paper. The process of learning a new model and duplicating it on his own provides the child with an opportunity to improve multiple cognitive skills in an enjoyable way. Sequential memory, concentration, ability to follow directions, eye/hand coordination, spatial perception and fine and gross motor skills are some examples.
Paper folding can also help develop vital academic objectives. The most obvious applications are mathematics and reading. Origami demonstrates the fact that mathematics is a subject that involves exploration. For example, when a student folds a piece of paper in half and opens it out again, the nature of one half is shown. Origami is practiced in a highly-engaging and motivating environment within which children extend their geometric experiences and the skill of spatial visualization. Through origami’s intrinsic mathematical nature, students literally manipulate the concepts that they are learning. It seems like a game for young children to unfold a model and identify the revealed geometric shapes. The activity retains in their conscious memory. When they later develop the ability to think abstractly, they will associate math with the time they spent playing with origami. Symmetry, proportion, angles, bisections of angles, fractions, certain mathematical proofs and a variety of other math concepts can be taught with origami.
Since the art of origami is based on a language of symbols, another natural educational objective that can be achieved through origami is reading. Reading, like origami, is based on the association of symbols and sounds. Some reading specialists contend that while students are folding origami paper, they are developing essential reading skills in three main areas: perceiving a sign as a symbol, recognizing it and interpreting its meaning. A teacher can use origami to reinforce reading by virtue of the children’s desire to produce a three-dimensional model. Origami can be especially helpful when dealing with children with language-based disability for whom reading is a struggle.
Origami lends itself to the development of the concept of sequencing. Origami helps children to construct the concept of “first thing first.” If the children are folding an origami model without carefully watching and listening to the verbal instructions, and without following the sequence of steps, they will not be successful in producing their desired results.
When introducing origami to children with learning difficulties, it is important to apply the following principles:
- Never fold another child’s paper for him. You may point, draw or even use hand-over-hand to guide the child where to crease.
- If the child cannot fold on his own, you may fold the paper for the child, then unfold and have the child do it.
- Always respond to the child’s fold in a positive way.